3–2–1 Bridge

Photo by Adam Satria on Unsplash

How does 3–2–1 Bridge work?

To begin, the students are asked to use the 3–2–1 thinking process based on their current knowledge and understanding. At this stage, the students must think of 3 thoughts and ideas, 2 questions and 1 metaphor or simile that they can think of related to a new learning topic. This is a useful activity to encourage students to consider their prior knowledge of a topic and for the teacher to pre-assess the students’ current level of understanding.

Possible alternatives

Although the structure for the 3–2–1 bridge routine shared above is the traditional thought process stemming from the Harvard Project Zero Visible Thinking project, the strategy itself can be adapted depending on your subject area, the age of your students and the needs of your students. For example, asking for a metaphor/simile could be too difficult for younger students, so instead you may want to ask your students to write a sentence about the topic instead. Or you could change all three of the criteria, though still using the 3–2–1 model, for example asking students to think of 3 words that they associate with a topic, draw 2 pictures of that topic and ask 1 question about it.

How to do 3–2–1 Bridge in LAMS

To demo this strategy, we will use an example using Democracy as subject:

Outline of Activities

1. Introduction to Lesson (Noticeboard)

🚀 Preview this lesson

For a step by step run of the learning design or to download it and adapt it to your own teaching, take a look at this card:



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Chelsea Bullock

Chelsea Bullock

I’m a Communication Manager and Outreach Officer at LAMS (Learning Designer App).